Dell T7600 workstation running Ubuntu 12.04
Note that regardless of Dell stating that the system could run linux, no linux drivers were available for the installed PERC H310 SATA/SAS RAID controller. Pine Computers replaced the PERC card with an Adaptec AAC-RAID and were then able to install Ubuntu.
If you will be running a long (more than 1 hour) or memory intensive (more than ~20 GB) job…
The antlab system has 8 cores, so only 7 CPU-hungry long-term jobs can be run simultaneously before bad things happen. Before scheduling a job, check processor usage by typing in the command line:
top -n 3
q to exit.
You will see a screen like this:
<img src="http://www.johnstantongeddes.org/assets/img/top-output.png" alt="plot" width="545" height="348">
which shows a list of the running processes (update every three seconds as specified by
-n 3, sorted by CPU usage. This screenshot shows 6 jobs using over 100% CPU usage each! Percent usage is for 1 core, so a job using more than 100% is using more than one core.
If you see this…do not start a new job.
Only 6 jobs using >85% of CPU can be run simultaneously before bad things happen. Wait until there are free CPUs.
You can also check memory usage by hitting
Shift-f and selecting
n then press enter. The active processes will be ordered by memory usage and you can see what percent is still available. If total memory usage is over 80%…wait to start your job.
To run a script, use the command
nohup nice -n 19 Rscript script.r &
nohup command specifies that your job will be run without hangups (if your terminal becomes disconnected) and
nice specifies low priority to avoid swamping system resources, and the
& means that the job runs in the background so you can continue working in the terminal. Replace
bash for a shell script, or
python fore a python script, etc…
The output of the script will be concatenated to the file nohup.out in the working directory.
Note that while the
nice command will help maintain system resources.
To kill a job that is running, use
kill -9 PID
where PID is the process ID listed from the
top command. If you have a job running in the background (e.g. with
& at the end of the line) you can use:
which kills the last process executed in the background.
File management for organization and reproducibility of results based on guidelines suggested on biostars and in Noble WS (2009) but modified for analyses performed primarily using R. Each top-level directory should contain a README file explaining the contents.
/home/projectsdirectory, in which each subdirectory corresponds to a separate project
/home/datadirectory, which contains data used by more than one project
/home/labdirectory, used to hold files miscellaneous lab files such as protocols, lab meeting papers and notes, etc
Within each project directory, I recommend the following directories
planning/directory containing all the files related to the early phase of the project and miscellaneous file
data/directory containing the different data I need to use, can include symbolic links to or from /home/data
src/directory containing bash, python, other scripts
R/directory containing R scripts, ideally with Roxygen documentation
results/directory containing results
doc/directory with a subdirectory for each manuscript, etc
For large files, use symbolic linking as much as possible to save disk space. The command
ln -s </path/to/file/yourfile> <linkname>
will create a link to ‘yourfile’ in the current directory
The chmod command sets file permissions
For a file that you want to protect from accidental changes or overwrites, use
chmod a-w <file>
a means all users and the
-w means remove write permissions. Similarly
chmod ug+x <file>
would mean that
u user and
g group members can execute a file (for example, run a script) or
chmod g-r <file>
would mean that group members cannot read a file, but you still can.
The standard command to remove files is
rm file but this is IRREVERSIBLE so should be used with caution. The
trash-cli program is installed for ‘recycle bin’ funcionality, but I recommend version control as well (see next).
trash-put <file or directory>
restore-trash <file or directory>
to restore a file from your trash.
git should be used extensively, especially on files in
R directories. More info coming…
Requires administrator priviledges.
Software is either installed using the Ubuntu Software Center or apt-get.
Non-standard or newer versions of programs than are available through the software center are installed into
/opt/software and symbolically linked from
ln -s /opt/software/<target> <link>
so that they are on the $PATH and system-wide accessible. See for more information. May need to set permissions for group executability using
chmod ug+x <file>
Software can be installed in home directory for personal use at your own risk.
System and software updates will be performed the first Monday of every month, so if you are going to schedule long-running jobs around this time let me know if advance.
Noble WS (2009) A Quick Guide to Organizing Computational Biology Projects. PLoS Comput Biol 5(7): e1000424
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.